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Impact of Soils

Integrated crop–livestock systems are characterized using the same land for both crop and livestock production, either simultaneously or sequentially, to improve land use of land and environmental resources. Previous research has highlighted the significant contributions of these systems in replenishing soil organic carbon (SOC). Additionally, the integration of acid-tolerant upland rice varieties with improved grasses pastures has shown promise in boosting both crop and livestock productivity. To establish the baselines for SOC content under these systems, understand the mechanisms and drivers of SOC sequestration, assess the relationship between the deep-rooted new cultivars and improvements in productivity and SOC content in soil, it is essential to evaluate soil conditions within the context of farmers’ fields. This research aims to unravel the potential of deep rooting forage and crop components in replenishing SOC in the tropical soils of human-intervened farms and landscapes.

Gene Editing Training

Our innovative approach

This investigation analyzes SOC stabilization mechanisms at various soil depths in field experiments, utilizing robust methods to assess particulate and mineral-associated organic carbon as well as carbon isotopes (C13, C14) for quantifying SOC persistence and its spatial distribution. We are developing digital soil mapping models utilizing artificial intelligence and remote sensing for site-specific SOC mapping and landscape monitoring.

Outcomes / Outputs

Deep-rooted forage and crop components in crop-livestock systems contribute to replenishing soil organic carbon (SOC) in human-intervened areas with tropical soils. This investigation utilizes digital soil mapping approaches to establish baselines and estimate the potential for SOC accumulation. We identify hotspots for SOC sequestration by leveraging deep-rooted forage grasses and rice genotypes in crop-livestock systems. Our approach involves field trials with pasture grass alone, rice alone, and pasture-rice rotations, with quantified SOC storage changes over time in Latin America. We compare conventional with improved ones using deeper rooting genotypes, assessing differences in SOC storage potential. Furthermore, we will assess disparities in SOC storage potential and specifically assess the contribution of rice roots using stable carbon isotopes.

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Future steps

SOC sequestration and stabilization are gradual processes that unfold over several years before tangible changes become apparent. Therefore, we will continuously monitor the field trials in Colombia while developing robust methods and digital tools for monitoring SOC changes over time. The information from these trials will enable us to determine the rates of SOC sequestration in these systems. Furthermore, we will assess how regenerative agricultural practices, when combined with deep-rooted genotypes, enhance SOC storage capacity within deep soil layers. Additionally, our research seeks to deepen our understanding of the principal drivers and mechanisms behind SOC sequestration, with the aim of scaling this knowledge across diverse landscapes.


Mayesse da Silva
Senior Soil Scientist
Multifunctional Landscapes



Wetland Soils

Soil carbon storage potential of acid soils

Approximating Soil Organic Carbon Stock


Predicted soil organic carbon (SOC) content (g/kg) and SOC stock (t/ha)

Laboratorio de Servicios Analíticos



The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT is part of CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future.


Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT

Latin American Hub

Palmira – Colombia

Address: Km 17 Recta Cali-Palmira

Phone: (+57) 6024450000